What German Article Must I Use? (Part II)

The issue about what German article must you use continues

It’s not simple, I know. But there are some tricks you can use.

In this post I’ll show you how you can recognize the article of a noun depending on its ending -and memorize most of them- or on its meaning.

By the ending of a noun

  1. derig, ling, or, ismus; and nouns derived from verbs without ending (e.g. Gang [>gehen], Schluss [>schließen], Satz [>setzen], Zug [>ziehen])
  2. die: heit, ung, keit, ei, schaft, ion, ie, tät, ik, -ur, -nz, -a (many), -t (many)
  3. das: tum, chen, ma, ment, um, lein (except der Moment, Zement), -o(n), -ier, -ing, -ett, -et, -nis (many); and nouns beginning with Ge- (exc. die Geschichte; der Geruch, Geschmack, Gebrauch, Gedanke)

In the following image you can see an excellent idea I found on this page: mnemonics made up of the most typical endings for each article (written in bold above).

By the meaning of a noun

  1. der: seasons, daytimes (exc. die Nacht), weekdays, months, cardinal directions, weather phenomena, car labels, alcoholic drinks (exc. das Bier), names of rivers outside Europe, mountains, minerals, stones, currencies (exc. das Pfund)
  2. die: motorbike labels, aeroplanes, ships, cardinal numbers, plants (exc. der Baum, der Strauch, der Kaktus, das Gras), tree species, fruits (exc. der Apfel, der Avocado)
    1. babies and small humans or animals (exc. die Welpe)
    2. international words: Hotel, Problem, Restaurant, Café, Genre, Portmonee
    3.  substantivated infinitives, adjectives, pronouns, colors, grammatical terms
    4. chemical elements (exc. der Sauerstoff), metals (exc. der Stahl), materials, fractional numbers, letters
    5. countries (exc. die Türkei,  der Schweizder Irak, der Iran, der Jemen), cities, islands, continents

In the following picture, a great composition made by Deutsche Welle, you see the most important rules of what German article must I use (endings and meanings).

Rules for German Articles